Index of Persons
Aristotle of Stagira
(gr. …; hence lat. … syr. … ar. …)
Mārcus Porcius Catō the Elder
Mārcus Porcius Catō the Younger
Mārcus Tullius Cicerō
(also ‘Tully’ in English),
Quintus Tullius Cicerō,
Roman politician and Latin writer, d. 43 BCE, brother to the more famous Cicero. Of his works, only the Commentariolum petitionis survives, although its authenticity has been questioned. It is a letter of advice about running for consul, addressed to his brother.
(gr. Δημόκριτος Dēmókritos),
Latin grammarian who flourished in 354 CE (according to Jerome, whose teacher he was), active in Rome, wrote two abbreviated handbooks of grammar (the Ars minor and Ars maior) which subsequently served as popular textbooks until the Early Modern period. Of his commentaries on Latin poetry, only an incomplete Life of Vergil and a reworked version of his scholia on Terence survive.
Iamblichus of Babylon
Iamblichus of Chalcis
Julian the Theurge
(so called to distinguish him from the famous Roman politician Pompeius),
Latin grammarian around 500 CE (and apparently still pagan at this late date), active in Roman Africa, gave lectures on Aelius Donatus’ Art of Grammar (treating the Ars minor and Ars maior as one work) based on Servius’ commentary; a full transcript of these lectures, bearing clear hallmarks of spoken language, has come down to us. Note that, while Latin orthography does not indicate this, the (consonantal) i in Pompeius is geminated (as if Pompeiius).
(gr. Πλάτων Plátōn, hence lat. Platō)
(gr. Πλήθων Plḗthōn;
born Georgios Gemistos, gr. Γεώργιος Γεμιστός Geṓrgios Gemistós)
(gr. Πλωτῖνος Plōtínos, from lat. Plōtinus)
Porphyry of Tyre
(gr. … Porphyrios, hence lat. Porphyrius,
also known in Greek as … Malkhos and … Basileus)
Prīsciānus of Caesarea
Priscianus of Lydia
(gr. Πρισκιανός Λυδός Priskianós Lydós)
Seneca the Elder
Seneca the Younger
Maurus Servius Honōrātus,
Latin grammarian around 400 CE, active in Rome, composed a trilogy of commentaries/scholia on Vergil’s Aeneid, Bucolics and Georgics (in that order), whose importance can hardly be overstated. In the area of technical grammar, he further wrote a commentary on Aelius Donatus’ popular but highly abbreviated Art of Grammar (both the Ars minor and the Ars maior), and three minor works on poetic meter: De centrum metris or Libellus centimetrus (on 100 poetic meters), De finalibus (on the scansion of final syllables), and De metris Horatianis (on the poetic meters used by Horace).
(also SD = Servius Danielis)
is the conventional name for a version of Servius’ Vergil commentaries that has been augmented with excerpts from other (now lost) commentaries. The 20th-century ascription of the excerpted material to Aelius Donatus is not persuasive, in my view.
(Pūblius Terentius Āfer),
Theophrastus of Eresus
(gr. …; born …)
(Pūblius Vergilius Marō),
(Pseudo-)Virgil the Grammarian